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Reptile and Amphibian Field Guide

Everything you need to know about Ontario’s frogs, toads, turtles, snakes and salamanders.

Northern ring-necked snake © Joe Crowley

These species accounts include photos, characteristics, range maps, habitat, biology, threats, trends, status and protection of each native species found in Ontario. For non-native species found in Ontario, visit our webpage.

For more detailed information about native and non-native species, refer to the Ontario Reptile and Amphibians Atlas publication.



Turtles | Snakes | Lizard | Salamanders | Frogs and Toads


Turtles

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Blanding’s Turtle
(Emydoidea blandingii)

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Eastern Box Turtle
(Terrapene carolina)

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Eastern Musk Turtle
(Sternotherus odoratus)

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Midland Painted Turtle
(Chrysemys picta marginata)

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Northern Map Turtle
(Graptemys geographica)

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Snapping Turtle
(Chelydra serpentina)

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Eastern Spiny Softshell Turtle
(Apalone spinifera spinifera)

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Spotted Turtle
(Clemmys guttata)

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Western Painted Turtle
(Chrysemys picta bellii)

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Wood Turtle
(Glyptemys insculpta)

Snakes

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Blue Racer
(Coluber constrictor foxii)

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Butler’s Gartersnake
(Thamnophis butleri)

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Eastern Foxsnake
(Pantherophis gloydi)

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Eastern Gartersnake
(Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis)

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Eastern Hog-nosed Snake
(Heterodon platirhinos)

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Northern Ribbonsnake
(Thamnophis sauritus septentrionalis)

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Gray Ratsnake
(Pantherophis spiloides)

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Lake Erie Watersnake
(Nerodia sipedon insularum)

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Eastern Massasauga
(Sistrurus catenatus)

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Milksnake
(Lampropeltis triangulum)

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Northern Watersnake
(Nerodia sipedon sipedon)

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Queensnake
(Regina septemvittata)

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Red-bellied Snake
(Storeria occipitomaculata)

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Red-sided Gartersnake
(Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis)

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Smooth Greensnake
(Opheodrys vernalis)

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Timber Rattlesnake
(Crotalus horridus)

Lizard

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Five-lined Skink 
(Plestiodon fasciatus)

Salamanders

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Blue-spotted Salamander
(Ambystoma laterale)

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Central Newt
(Notophthalmus viridescens louisianensis)

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Eastern Tiger Salamander 
(Ambystoma tigrinum
)

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Four-toed Salamander
(Hemidactylium scutatum)

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Jefferson Salamander
(Ambystoma jeffersonianum)

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Mudpuppy
(Necturus maculosus)

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Northern Dusky Salamander
(Desmognathus fuscus)

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Red-spotted Newt 
(Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens)

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Spotted Salamander
(Ambystoma maculatum)

Frogs and Toads

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American Bullfrog
(Lithobates catesbeianus)

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American Toad
(Anaxyrus americanus)

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Boreal Chorus Frog
(Pseudacris maculata)

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Fowler’s Toad
(Anaxyrus fowleri)

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Gray Treefrog
(Hyla versicolor)

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Green Frog
(Lithobates clamitans)

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Mink Frog
(Lithobates septentrionalis)

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Northern Leopard Frog
(Lithobates pipiens)

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Pickerel Frog
(Rana palustris)

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Spring Peeper
(Pseudacris crucifer)

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Western Chorus Frog
(Pseudacris triseriata)

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Wood Frog
(Lithobates sylvaticus)

View a map of the known ranges of all reptile and amphibian species in Ontario.

Learn about non-native reptiles and amphibians in Ontario.

* Last updated November 2023

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