Bradford, Ontario, Traditional territories of several First Nations including the Wendake-Nionwentsïo, Anishinabewaki, Haudenosaunee, and the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation, March 16, 2022 – On Monday, March 14th, seven environmental and community organizations filed a lawsuit in Federal Court against the federal Minister of Environment and Climate Change, Steven Guilbeault. The lawsuit challenges the Minister’s failure to designate the Bradford Bypass highway project for a federal impact assessment.
The organizations previously made two requests for a federal impact assessment on the proposed Bradford Bypass (or Holland Marsh Highway), which would cut through the Greenbelt, the Holland Marsh provincially significant wetland, and the headwater rivers at the south end of the Lake Simcoe watershed. The federal government turned down both requests. The lawsuit challenges the government’s decision to turn down the second request.
The purpose of the litigation is to hold the federal government accountable for the proper review of the impacts of the proposed highway, which is needed to understand the full impact of the proposed project on vital habitats, wildlife and watersheds in the area. The case for building a highway is thin at best and we must better understand the impacts of the project on natural heritage, migratory birds, fisheries, greenhouse gas emissions, air quality, and First Nations cultural heritage.
“The second request noted that there were significant changes to the context of the project,” notes Bill Foster, Chair of Forbid Roads Over Green Spaces (FROGS) “including a significant decline in popular support for the project, and a seriously weakened provincial Environmental Assessment process that fixes the route based on 1997 information. As a result MTO is now no longer required to consider reasonable alternatives to or alternative locations for this highway. Given the serious impacts to fish in Lake Simcoe, we expected the federal government would intervene.”
Despite the new evidence and strong alignment with the federal mandate to protect biodiversity and mitigate climate change, Minister Guilbeault decided not to designate the highway for an impact assessment, following in the footsteps of the previous minister. The groups argue that the Minister Guilbeault’s decision was based not on evidence, but rather unreasonably deferred to the previous Minister’s decision.
“There are errors of fact in the Minister’s decision that cannot be allowed to go unchallenged” says Tim Gray of Environmental Defence. “For the sake of Canada’s environment and the communities dependent on it, we must make sure that destructive projects, such as bulldozing a super-highway through one of Ontario’s largest wetlands, receive a proper and thorough review.”
“Federal impact assessment can play an important ‘safety valve’ role by ensuring the full extent of environmental impacts are assessed before the project moves forward,” says Ian Miron, lawyer, Ecojustice. “Ensuring that the Minister fully and fairly considers requests for federal impact assessments on their merits is all the more important here, where the Ontario government has recently gutted its environmental assessment laws and policies and has now exempted the Bradford Bypass from any meaningful assessment or public consultation despite the potentially severe impacts of the project on Lake Simcoe, the Holland Marsh, and public health.”
The province of Ontario has just released a Transportation Plan that would essentially wrap the south east side of Lake Simcoe in highways. “We already know that highway crossings create salt hotpots in our freshwater rivers. Lake Simcoe is on a trajectory to reach ocean level salinity in 37 years. This is extremely worrying for our members. We need all levels of government to do better, and we need to know that the federal government will step in when their areas of jurisdiction, like endangered species and climate, will be negatively affected,” says Rescue Lake Simcoe Coalition Executive Director Claire Malcolmson.
“The federal government says it’s committed to mitigating climate change and halting the accelerating loss of biodiversity. Are these just hollow promises?” asks Dr. Anne Bell, director of conservation and education at Ontario Nature. “The need for an impact assessment is painfully obvious in this case – a no-brainer if the government stands by evidence-based decision-making.”
Katie Krelove, Ontario campaigner with Wilderness Committee says, “the federal Environment Ministry agreed to do an impact assessment for Highway 413 based on the presence of endangered species such as the Red-headed Woodpecker. The route for the Bradford Bypass is also habitat for endangered species, so why was it rejected for assessment? These decisions should be based on science, not politics, and this sets a dangerous precedent. That’s why we are going to court.”
The parties involved in the litigation are FROGS (Forbid Roads Over Green Spaces), Rescue Lake Simcoe Coalition, Ontario Nature, Western Canada Wilderness Committee, Wildlands League, Earthroots, and Environmental Defence, represented by Ecojustice.
Ecojustice uses the power of the law to defend nature, combat climate change, and fight for a healthy environment. Its strategic, public interest lawsuits and advocacy lead to precedent-setting court decisions and law and policy that deliver lasting solutions to Canada’s most urgent environmental problems. As Canada’s largest environmental law charity, Ecojustice operates offices in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, Ottawa, and Halifax.
Earthroots is a grassroots conservation organization dedicated to the protection of Ontario’s wilderness, wildlife and watersheds, through research, education and action.
Environmental Defence is a leading Canadian environmental advocacy organization that works with government, industry, and individuals to defend clean water, a safe climate, and healthy communities.
Forbid Roads Over Green Spaces is an association of East Gwillimbury residents that came together in 1993 at the commencement of the Bradford Bypass EA Study. We have challenged this project through every step of the EA process documenting our serious concerns about the integrity of the entire study process and its findings.
Ontario Nature protects wild species and wild spaces through conservation, education, and public engagement. A charitable organization, Ontario Nature represents more than 30,000 members and supporters, and more than 155 member groups across Ontario. Since it was established as the Federation of Ontario Naturalists in 1931, Ontario Nature has been a champion for nature. Our vision is simple: An Ontario where nature inspires and sustains us for generations to come.
Rescue Lake Simcoe Coalition is a member-based organization representing 39 groups in the Lake Simcoe watershed that provides leadership and motivates people to take action to protect Lake Simcoe.
Wilderness Committee protects life-giving biological diversity in Canada through strategic research, community mobilizing and grassroots public education.
Wildlands League is one of Canada’s pre-eminent conservation organizations. We are a not-for-profit charity that has been working in the public interest since 1968, beginning with a campaign to protect Algonquin Park from development. We are strategists, policy experts and communicators standing up for wildlife and standing with communities. We tackle irresponsible development that threatens precious rivers, lakes and wildlife habitat. We give voice to Canada’s nature to make sure at least half of the country is protected forever for all our kids, for climate and for the planet.
To arrange media interviews, please contact:
Claire Malcolmson, Executive Director, Rescue Lake Simcoe Coalition
John Hassell, Director of Communications and Engagement, Ontario Nature
Bill Foster, Chair, Forbid Roads Over Green Spaces
Zoryana Cherwick, Communications Specialist, Ecojustice
1-800-926-7744 ext. 277
Allen Braude, Senior Communications Manager, Environmental Defence
Katie Krelove, Ontario Campaigner, Wilderness Committee
Anna Baggio | Wildlands League